Symbolizes the aspiration of peace and tranquility of the Filipino people.
Japanese Imperial Forces
The outbreak of the 2nd World War in 1941 prompted the activation of the 21st regular division under the command of MAJOR GENERAL GUILLERMO B. FRANCISCO on January 6, 1942. The goal was primarily to check the tremendous offensive of the Japanese Imperial Forces in the Philippines, specifically in Bataan and Corregidor and its peripheral surroundings. Remnants of this gallant bunch of warriors who engaged in underground activities against Japanese transpired through the feeding of vital intelligence information and providing protection to the members of the guerilla movement. Thus, they fought courageously against the Japanese Imperial Forces. From this background bore the roots of the present 2nd Infantry Division.
After the 2nd World War, the division was disbanded. The country's defense force was organized which eventually gave birth to the military area jurisdiction of the Philippines in the 1950's. The fragment of the 2nd military area army troops served as core elements of the provisional infantry brigade (Separate) which was activated on February 1, 1970, where BRIG GENERAL DOMINGO R. TUCAY, AFP, acted as the first commanding general. Its first headquarters was located in Camp Vicente Lim, Canlubang, Laguna. Later, with the assistance of a Guerilla Hero, COL. MARCOS VILLA AGUSTIN (MARKING), who is known to be the original jungle survival trainor, the 2nd brigade headquarters was transferred to its present location in Camp Capinpin, Sampaloc, Tanay, Rizal. COL. AGUSTIN was later promoted to brigadier general by then President Ferdinand E . Marcos on April, 1971.
The South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) established Camp Capinpin during the 1st SEATO exercise in 1962, with its headquarters located at the Hilltop which is now the TRADOC headquarters. During the inauguration of the camp, the main road was christened General Marking Avenue from Gates 2 to 3. Through the agreements of the World War II leaders, headed by BGEN. MARKING, the camp was named after Mateo Capinpin, a private soldier who rose from the ranks and became o brigadier general. Capinpin's intrepidness and record in the Philippine military history during the last World War soon became the hallmark of Filipino determination and patriotism. However, upon de-activation of the 2nd infantry brigade (Sep), the 2nd Infantry (Jungle Fighter) Division was reactivated on March 19, 1976. Its first commanding general was BRIG GEN RAMON L. CANNU, AFP.
Fresh breeze of hope
The 2nd infantry division, otherwise known as the the "Jungle Fighter Division" traces its origin to the defunct 2nd military area assigned in Southern Tagalog and Bicol Region including Palawan. It was one of the four military areas in the country with its fighting arm, the 2nd battalion combat team.
Originally, the 2nd Infantry Brigade (Separate) was composed of five battalions namely: 1st Battalion; 2nd Battalion; 3rd Battalion, 16th Infantry battalion and the 2nd Field Artillery Battalion, respectively.
The 2nd Infantry Division has suffered the scourge of many battles during its younger and present years. It can look to its previous existence as one consecrated upon the bed rock of nationhood. It created a fresh breeze of hope to the Filipino people to envision a country with lasting freedom, peace, justice and progress. The effective manner with which it pursues the goals and objectives bespeak of the command's deep sense of patriotism, unquestioned loyalty and intense devotion to the services of men. No doubt, the division's many efforts were met with difficulties but through its unbending "will to survive" enabled its men to overcome and defy all odds.
As the only "Jungle Fighter" Division in the AFP, the 2ID is the quintessence of dedicated labor for God and country. Its trait of being people-oriented and its capacity for self-giving is beyond question. Whether in the jungle of war or in the mainstream jungle of peace, the 2ID is there as the source of help for those in trouble. There is no jungle that it cannot penetrate and no sorrow so real that it cannot console. To the people of the area of responsibility, the Jungle Fighter is an effective and useful warrior of life, a forerunner of new hopes and new opportunities for a better tomorrow.
2ID Present Organization
Today, the command is organized into four tactical brigades; nine maneuver battalions; a task force and two recon coys complemented by the combat support, combat service support and the opcon units.
They are strategically deployed in the division's AOR. The 2ID headquarters is based in Camp Mateo Capinpin, barangay Sampaloc, Tanay, Rizal.
The division advance command post is located in Camp Canuto, barangay Sagurong, Pili, Camarines Sur.
The 201st inf brigade, under COL. FERDINAND BOCOBO is stationed at Calauag, Quezon with two maneuver battalions deployed as follows:
74th infantry battalion under LTC. DANILO S. CRUZ, is based in Catanauan, Quezon, while the 76th IB under LTC. JORGE SEGOVIA, is in Padre Burgos, Quezon;
The 202nd infantry brigade, under COL. PEDRITO C. MAGSINO, is stationed in Daraga, Albay, with two opcon battalions: 2nd IB located at Juban, Sorsogon with LTC. CABATIC as commanding officer, and the 22nd IB at Ligao City, Albay under LTC. PEDRO TABANGAY;
The 203rd infantry brigade, under COL. JACINTO A. CORDERO, is situated in Sipocot, Camarines Sur, with two maneuver battalions: the 31st IB under LTC. EMILIANO GUPANA, is located in Labo, Camarines Norte while the 42nd IB, under LTC. JOHN FERRER, is in Ragay, Camarines Sur;
Meanwhile, the 204th infantry brigade, under COL JOVITO PALPARAN, is in Naujan, Oriental Mindoro, with two infantry battalions; the 16th IB, under LTC NORMAN OLIVER FEBIAR, in Mansalay, Oriental Mindoro, and the 68th IB of the 7ID, under LTC. DANILO SORIANO is in Victoria, Oriental Mindoro. Additional opcon units include a scout ranger battalion (3rd SRB); 52nd reconnaissance coy of the 5th infantry division and the 22nd reconnaissance coy;
Task Force Makiling
The task force Makiling, under COL EFREN P. ORBON, is stationed in Rizal, Laguna. It covers the Calabarzon area, with the following units: 1st IB under LTC. VIRGILIO M. ESPINELI is located in Luisiana, Laguna; the 59th Lnf Bn, under LTC. ALEX DICANG is stationed in Infanta, Quezon, covering the PRIN area (Polilio, Real, Infanta) in Quezon. The 4th SFBn, under MAJ. NICK ALARCIO, is in Taysan, Batangas. Other tactical units include the 8th scout ranger company; the 21st reconnaissance coy in Baras, Rizal and the 740th combat group of the Philippine Air Force under LTC. POQUIZ PAF, in Nasugbu, Batangas.
Aside from these regular units, 5,586 CAFGU active auxiliaries placed opcon to the different battalions and were deployed to its various strategic detachments in its areas of responsibility.
Sierra Madre mountains
The headquarters of the 2nd infantry division was first situated in Camp Vicente Lim, Canlubang, Laguna.
Today, The 2nd and present location of 2ID stands in Camp Mateo Capinpin, barangay Sampaloc, Tanay, Rizal. It is strategically situated at the foothills of the scenic Sierra Madre mountains with an elevation of 1,400 feet above sea level which is just the same level with that of the famous TIRAD PASS. It has a very pleasant climate conducive for training and development of men who had participated and will continue to participate in making this country the well-spring of hope , liberty, harmony and prosperity for its people. Camp Capinpin is 70 kilometers away from Manila and can be reached in one to one-and-a-half hours by motorbike or in ten to thirty minutes by helicopter. In short, the camp the proximity of the camp could certainly help the national government in times of emergency.
Integrity of the state
During the outbreak of hostilities in Southern Philippines in 1972, the imperatives of defense and security had dictated the fielding of the division's two infantry brigades and its six infantry battalions in trouble-laden Central Mindanao. It is where the division engaged its enemies to preserve the territorial integrity of the state. However, the 2nd infantry brigade , having made long-lasting imprints in the pacification campaign in Mindanao, was moved to Luzon and concentrated its efforts in the Southern Tagalog and Bicol regions. The 1st infantry (Metro) brigade has remained in Metro Manila. It guards the security of the capital region, as well as the First Family and other VIPs. In joint cooperation with other government operatives in the area, this unit has encountered all sorts of illegal activities from a wide spectrum of criminality ranging from counterfeiting, smuggling, kidnapping for ransom and drug-trafficking.
The second brigade commander who assumed his position on April 1, 1970 was BRIG. GEN. ALMUETE. After his term, it was BRIG GEN. RAZO took over the command. RAZO only served up to February 19, 1972 when then COL RAMON L. CANNU, as the fourth and last brigade commander took over the rein. Upon assumption of command, the 2nd infantry brigade (Separate) took over supervision of the SRTU, PA, which was then under LTC. CIRILO OROPESA, PA, who resumed Scout Ranger class number 14. Five days before the declaration of Martial Law, COL. CANNU was promoted to BGEN. Thus, he also became the first 2nd Infantry Division's commanding general when the brigade (Separate) was made into a full division on March 19, 1976.
On September 18, 1979, BRIG. GEN. ZOSIMO C. CARLOS assumed command as division commander. When he retired, BRIG. GEN. CANNU assumed command for the second time on January 17, 1982. He relinquished the command to BRIG. GEN. ROLAND I. PATTUGALAN on August 16, 1983. GEN. PATTUGALAN made the 2nd infantry division a showcase for LOI Katatagan. His term, however, was interrupted by the February Revolution on February 22, 1986.
On March 5, 1986, then BRIG. GEN. RESTITUTO C. PADILLA assumed command of the Jungle Fighter division after which he became the SOLCOM commander, and later as CG, PA. GEN PADILLA's term was characterized by an intensive insurgency effort, when rebellion resurrected during the release of political prisoners who returned to the hills to fight the government forces.
BRIG. GEN. ALEJANDRO A. GALIDO took over as division commander on March 16, 1987. He later became SOLCOM commander. GEN GALIDO is remembered as the person who spearheaded the dismantling of the CPP/NPA political structures in Southern Luzon.
The departure of GEN. GALIDO catapulted BRIG. GEN RAUL T. AQUINO to the 2nd division's command on March 28, 1988. GEN AQUINO further intensified the division's COIN operations. He served up to April 16, 1989 after which he was replaced by BRIG. GEN. JAVIER D. CARBONNEL, the one who led government troops that crashed the reformed Armed Forces Movement at Camp Aguinaldo who staged the historical COUP D' ETAT that nearly toppled the Aquino government in 1989.
Then BRIG GEN. THELMO Y. CUNANAN assumed command of the Division on December 3, l989, whose stint in the military service would be remembered when he commanded Southcom. He could have made more accomplishments but his stint was cut short when he was designated as Ambassador to Cambodia.
Political mass base
On January 27, 1991, BRIG. GEN. CESAR F. FORTUNO took the reins of the division. He further continued the COIN operations of the division and caused the destruction of the CPP/NPA political mass base through SOT operations when he became SOLCOM commander.
A year later, on March 25, 1992, he was replaced by BRIG. GEN. REGINO J. LACSON, an outstanding intelligence officer and combat commander. He made the "Jungle Fighter" division a by-word in the counter-insurgency effort with the implementation of innovative psychlogical projects, which resulted to the surrender of many armed members/supporters of the CPP/NPA when he later became the SOUTHCOM Commander.
It was BRIG. GEN. ROMEO D. LOPEZ's turn to assume command of the Jungle Fighter division on February 23, 1995. When he retired, on August 16, 1996, BRIG. GEN. SAMUEL T. DUNQUE assumed command of the division, after which he became SOLCOM commander, on October 9, 1997. Then, BRIG. GEN. ROLANDO C. BAUTISTA, AFP, took the reins of the division, after which he was selected to command the 6th infantry division of the Philippine Army.
On January 12, 1998, BRIG. GEN. JOSE S. LACHICA, AFP assumed command of the Jungle Fighter division. During his tenure, the division implemented the 2ID campaign plan "Pagtitibay" series (Alpha, Bravo and Charlie). The success of these campaigns led the division to be recognized as the "2nd Best Infantry Division" of the Philippine Army (LCM category) for CY 1999.
Two years later, on March 1, 2000, BRIG. GEN. ROBERTO P. SANTIAGO, AFP, took over as CG, 2ID and with campaign plan "Aguila", ISO was intensified in designated priority fronts even as two battalions were sent to Mindanao to participate in the campaign against the SPSGs.
Upon the retirement of Bgen. Santiago in March 28, 2001, MAJ. GEN. JACINTO C. LIGOT, AFP assumed as the 19th commanding general, Philippine Army. He pursued the implementation of the division campaign plan, and during his term, the 204th infantry brigade was activated along with two reconnaissance companies. TF Panther, 2ID was discontinued and TF Makiling was created to cover the CALABARZON provinces.
On May 6, 2002, BRIG. GEN. EFREN L. ABU, AFP, took over as the 20th commanding general of the 2nd infantry division of the Philippine Army.
Camp Capinpin developments
Closer to home, the command has implemented programs to improve its grounds such as the transformation of the marshy lagoon into a picnic grove, and the continuing cultivation of idle lands into productive plots in support of the national food security program.
Through the support of the immediate past CG, PA, the division had opened the 2ID Tent City to the public, a move highly appreciated by the local government of Tanay. This facility is expected to be an outdoor recreation site where organized youth activities such as Girl Scouts Camping and Reserve Officer's Training Course (ROTC) exercises can be conducted to make these leadership-building activities more exciting and attractive.
This pertains to the utilization of the facilities of the Command at Camp Capinpin by the ROTC and CAT Cadets. For quite sometime, these cadets have been using the Known Distance Range (KDR) area and other training structures in the vicinity for their field/practical exercises and for their Summer Camp Training.
This activity can serve as a good opportunity to showcase the Philippine Army to these high school and college students. With their visit to the camp, they could be enticed to join the army later, or they could be an influence to change their view of the military from the way campus activism pictures the man in uniform.
3. A billeting area, instructors, and range officers in connection with the conduct of Field Training Exercises and other related activities. - Dubious, couldn't get the idea in this sentence
Officers and men in the 2nd infantry (Jungle Fighter) division of the Philippine Army, are indeed very honored that many visitors and organizers are choosing the Tent City as the venue for their activities. The people's patronage of these facilities is a reaffirmation of an earlier projection that the camp could be made into an ideal outdoor recreation site to serve the needs of various sectors in Rizal, and even of Metro Manila. Camp Capinpin's cool and refreshing climate and environment, owing to its proximity to the Sierra Madre Mountain Range, is also an ideal getaway to escape the smog and congestion of the metropolis. Providing the contrast to the hustle and bustle of urban settings, the Tent City offers a tranquil hideaway to commune with nature, relax the mind and revitalize one's energies.
Even with the lack of facilities the 2ID personnel will endeavor to make visitors comfortable.
Looking over the activities lined up for the Tent City, it is encouraging to note that the organizers have incorporated meaningful events that should be among the principal concerns of the youth. The inclusion of environmental awareness programs, particularly recycling, is a very timely endeavor, especially at this point where natural resources are being depleted at an alarming rate, and the environment is taking a heavy toll with the onslaught of population growth, development, consumerism and irresponsible waste management.
On the other hand, activities which impart field craft, survival and emergency preparedness skills, are enjoyable for this equip people with knowledge that are not usually offered in any regular classrooms. The demonstrations will certainly appeal to the adventurous-types, although everyone will definitely gain useful skills that might help others in future situations.
The Philippine Army considers it as an integral part of its mission to contribute to undertakings that nurture the youth's creativity and talents and develop their knowledge and skills. Moreover, the Army envisions to instill in them the passion to learn and the willingness to discover. Any undertaking that seeks to instill pride and love of country; and develops the youth's potential, leadership abilities and sense of responsibility will be supported by 2ID.
As called for in the AFP Reservists Act of 1991, the Army's Reserve Force Development Program became a major component of the PA Modernization Program. Understanding that a revitalized and reinvigorated Citizen's Military Training Program is an important step towards the attainment of a total army, the commanding general has implemented projects which is aimed to make reservists, especially ROTC graduates, more disciplined, informed and competent.
The Tent City, therefore, comes at the most opportune time, as the PA pursues the task of providing the Reserve Force Development Program more relevance, focus and direction.
Area of responsibility
The Command is located some 50 kilometers South of the heart of Metro Manila. This is the nearest unit that could react and defend the government and military installations against any threat groups during crisis. It is bounded in the North by the Country's Capital (Metro Manila), South China Sea in the West, Pacific Ocean in the East and Visayas islands in the South.
The 2nd infantry division covers the entire Bicol Region, including the island provinces of Masbate and Catanduanes and the Southern Tagalog Region except Palawan and Aurora.
The command's Area of Responsibility comprises 15 provinces, 17 cities, 291 municipalities and 8, 504 barangays, with a total population of 13.5 million.