ROTC Before

   The inception of the ARMY RESERVE COMMAND was inspired by the first recorded and successful defense of the Filipino Reservist against foreign subjugation in March 16, 1521, when Lapu-lapu and his men defeated the superior Spanish military led by Magellan in the historic battle of Mactan. The Heoric exploits and rare display of patriotism of our great heores instigated an ardent anti-Spanish/American revolution until the conditional American-Filipino truce. This inspired the institutionalization of the present Philippine National Defense Act in 1935, which obliged all citizens regardless of sex to protect and preserve the independence and sovereignty of the Republic. The Philippines was then divided into ten (10) military districts and each is organized with one (1) Reserve Division.

    On July 26, 1941, all organized military forces of the Commonwealth Government were ordered into service with USA by then US President Franklin Roosevelt under the direct supervision of the USAFFE commanded by General Douglas Mc Arthur. To formalize this, Philippine Commonwealth President Manuel L Quezon issued proclamation number 740 on 01 August 1941 transferring the Philippine Army and the Philippine Constabulary to the control of the U.S. Army. ten (10) Reserve Division composed of professionals, businessmen, ROTC graduate, the school of reserve commission and former cadre trainees and volunteers were then mobilized and subsequently inducted into the service with the USAFFE. Their valor and exceptional resiliencymhas been dispalyed when they fought valiantly against the Japanese Imperial Army until the day of the liberation.

     The 1986 People's Power Revolution led to the deactivation of Army Reserved Command. Its function were absorbed by the Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for CMO, PA thus, the Reserve Affairs Unit (RAU). On the other hand, the erstwhile Regional Community Dfefense Unit (RCDU) tasked for Reserve Force Development in the regions of the Infantry Divisions.

     Through the mandatory ROTC Program, the reserve force build up continue to grow with an average annual output of 45,000 from 1985-1990 however, the only organized Phillipine Army Reserve units (PAARU) with a total of sixty (60) registered PAARUs nationwide.

     At the end of 1990, the Philippine Army Reserve Component strength was registered at 528,000 but with no definite reserve structure to speak of and the provincial Community Defense Center were organizing one (1) Reserve Infantry Battalion albeit in papers only.

     The enactment of RA 7077 otherwise known as the Citizen Armed Forces or AFP Reservist Act on 27 June 1991 provided impetus for the development and build up of the Reserve Force. Under this act, the Citizen Armed Forces is mandated as follows:

     Further, RA 7077 wac enacted to support RA 7898 known as the AFP Modernization Act, which aim to develop an efficient, credible and professional AFP.

     On July 1992, the Reserve Command, Philippine Army was reactivated and became the major Philippine Army unit tasked to implement the Reservist and Retirees Affairs plans and Program. It has 14 regional Community Defense Group which shall undertake the organization and maintenance of one standby Resrve Infantry Divisions and 73 community Defense centers which were tasked to organized a Battlion size Reserve Units in evry province.

     On 01 October 1999, the unit was renamed ARMY RESERVE COMMAND pursuant to General Order Nr 1300 HPA dtd 24 September 1999.

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