Hybrid threats are perceived to be the most likely security threat that the Army will encounter. With the complexity and multidimensional approach of hybrid threats, Army leaders must shift their thinking to learn and understand the strategic and operational environment. Understanding the challenges that hybrid threats may impose requires clarity on what constitutes a hybrid threat, the evolving nature of conflict and state vulnerabilities that hybrid threats may exploit.

Topic 1: Understanding Hybrid Threats and its Complexity: Challenges and Implications
DAY ONE - 19 March 2019 (Tuesday)

Mr. Douglas Ollivant, PhD

Senior Fellow
Arizona State University Center on the Future of War


Mr. Douglas A. Ollivant, PhD, is a Managing Partner of Mantid International, LLC, a global strategic consulting firm focusing on compliance and anti-corruption, with offices in Washington D.C., Beirut, and Baghdad. He also holds an appointment as an ASU Future of War senior fellow at New America, a Washington D.C. based think tank. He is presently researching the topic of Hybrid and Proxy Warriors, as well as writing on the Iraq conflict and reconstruction, 2003-present A retired Army officer (Lieutenant Colonel), his last assignment in government was as Director for Iraq at the National Security Council. Ollivant spent twelve months on contract in Afghanistan as a Senior Advisor to the Commander, Regional Command-East. He served two tours in uniform in Iraq and taught politics at West Point ... read more


MGEN Virgilio A. Hernandez (Ret) is currently the Deputy Director General for Operations of the National Intelligence Coordinating Agency (NICA). He is a graduate of the Philippine Military Academy (PMA) Class of 1983, and he joined the Philippine Air Force. He retired from the military service in November 2016 with a rank of Major General. He was the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, J2, AFP, when he retired. He holds a Master’s degree in Public Administration and completed various trainings in the US and Japan and had various intelligence exchanges with counterparts here and abroad while in the active service.



Deputy Director General for Operations
National Intelligence Coordinating Agency (NICA)

Topic 2: Hybrid Threats in the Philippines and Southeast Asia: A Regional Perspective

Mr. Ahmed Hashim, PhD,

Associate Professor in the Military Studies Programme
S Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS)
Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore


Professor Ahmed S. Hashim is Associate Professor in the Military Studies Programme at the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, RSIS, and specialises in Strategic Studies. He received his B.A. in Politics and International Studies from the University of Warwick, Great Britain and his M.Sc and Ph.D from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He has worked extensively in the fields of Strategy and Policy dealing in particular with irregular war and counter-terrorism for the past 20 years prior to taking up his current position at RSIS in 2011 where he teaches courses on insurgency and counterinsurgency, terrorism, and defense policies at RSIS and SAFTI Military Institute (SAFTI MI) more


Professor Herman Joseph S. Kraft is the Convenor of the Strategic Studies Program of the University of the Philippines’ Center of Integrative and Development Studies (UP CIDS), which aims to aims to promote interest, discourse and significant changes in the Philippines foreign policy and capacity building for strategic studies. He also serves as Assistant Professor at the Department of Political Science at the University of the Philippines where he teaches courses in International Relations (particularly on International Security broadly defined) and Comparative Politics (including Democratization and Human Rights in Southeast Asia). He has been involved in unofficial and informal dialogue mechanisms on security in Southeast Asia and the broader Asia Pacific region since more



Convenor, Strategic Studies Program
Center for Integrative and Development Studies
University of the Philippines - Diliman

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